In “Illegal mining Becomes a major problem for coal producers” Sudibyo M. Wiradji explained that illegal mining is an activity that is harmful, not just hurt the government but also detrimental to the balance of the mine area. I strongly agree with the author because many of the negative impacts caused by illegal mining activities.
Word “illegal” have negative connotations when combined with a word. Likewise if the word is combined with the word mining. Initially, the mining activity is an activity that is very useful because it produces material that is needed by all people, be full of activity with potential negative effects. Many people will feel the negative impact of illegal mining activities by doing this. The parties are the government, the conditions of the mining area, and the public about the illegal mining areas. Of course many people who feel disadvantaged, the illegal mining activity must stop immediately.
All business entities in Indonesia is obliged to pay taxes to the government. This is what always gets paid by companies with legal permission. But what about companies without permission as illegal mining activities? There is no tax that comes into the government cash from illegal mining operations. This is very detrimental to the government. Illegal mining company with a heart as good as dredge the country without dividing the wealth he gained to the government which is responsible for our country, Indonesia. Tax liability on these mining operations are regulated under Law No. 11 years in 1967 on Basic Provisions of Mining. So if the mining company did not pay taxes, surely the government will suffer losses.
In addition, the government also can not monitor illegal mining activities since there was no written permission from the Government in terms of incorporation of illegal mining. Perpetrators of illegal mining activities could have done with no attention to the laws and regulations applicable to activities they do. Of course, in this case could have cheated the government which resulted in losses for the government.
Not only up there, the biggest losses from illegal mining activities will be felt by the people who live around the site of illegal mining. No one knows what will happen if the illegal mining in the vicinity of their residence is allowed. Clearly, the impact would they feel bad. Among them is the destruction of their neighborhood that culminate in a natural disaster that threatens not only property, but also threaten the lives of surrounding communities. The miners usually had no responsibility for the impact of all this, because they feel they can not be supervised by the government. What’s worse, they must be willing to natural resources around them could be dredged up without the slightest sense of the nature around them.
For example, such cases of illegal mining that occurred in East Nusa Tenggara. Protected forest destruction continues to occur in several places. Replanted trees and greenery destroyed to find manganese. Mountain and hill excavated to create gaping holes. When the rainy season, landslides and flooding appeared in the former location of excavation. Protected forest and bush was burned in order to be monitored if there is a stone that looks manganese in the soil surface. (www.batukar.info; 2010)
While difficult to prevent illegal mining, the forest was reduced. Forest people who should have guarded and preserved to become victims of greed people irresponsible. As forests are depleted due to illegal gold mining in the area Soreang, West Java. Forest areas in the village / district. Kutawaringin which encroached upon the illegal gold miners is winner Kalpataru 1995. Caused by illegal mining makes community forest area reduced from 141 hectares in size by half or 70 hectares. atusan illegal gold miners into forests, people in the Village and Village Cibodas Kutawaringin. Gold mining did not care about the environmental impacts such as waste disposal of mercury. Farmers also objected to the use of water for irrigation Leuwikuya gold mining interests. (www.pikiranrakyat-online.com; 2010)
Hoping the sweet, bitter that the public actually get results. Not a natural result of how they feel, but waste and sewage is what they feel. It also is one of loss felt by the people around the location of illegal mining. Has been mentioned above that the perpetrators of such illegal miners had no responsibility because they feel free to do its business without supervision from the government. Therefore, in terms of production waste was illegally mining companies are usually not too concerned with whether, in fact impressed by letting the waste and throw it to the place where the source of people’s lives around like discarded to the river-stream.
The impact of this illegal mining felt by communities around times Brantas. Action illegal sand mining using mechanical equipment in the area of watershed (catchment) Brantas, threatening the environment of district / city that is streamed DAS Brantas. A number of decrees on water science experts 2012 will clean the water crisis and the crisis of the raw ground water, for irrigation in the downstream area of the Brantas River that starts from roughly Kab Kediri, Nganjuk, Mojokerto, Jombang, Sidoarjo to City Surabaya. The most dangerous again after the foundation of the Brantas River continues to experience shrinkage. So the impact, raw ground water collected in check dams will not be able to drain hundreds of hectares of agricultural land in the region until kab Blitar Kab Mojokerto. Including fulfillment of the raw water to PDAM Surabaya. (www.harianbhirawa.com; 2010)
In addition to the above example, another example that until the claimed death toll is the excavation of sand mining activities in the areas c illegal gift. Landslides that killed three children Faith and Ani Asymar couples and resulted in nine residents of Cape Jorong Bungo, Kanagarian Saok Laweh, Kubu District, Solok regency, West Sumatra, was treated at the Military Hospital of Solok, Wednesday, allegedly due to rampant sand mining excavation c, illegal. (www.tribunnews.com; 2010)
The miners were not spared from the negative impacts. They threatened his safety in the absence of further knowledge about safety in the mining site. Most of the illegal mine owners paying less attention to worker safety factor due to the lack of specific benchmarks / grip on work safety in mining.
Many parties who view illegal mining activities is the appropriate action. They think they can cultivate their own natural resources without the intervention of outsiders. Facts are now in Indonesia, almost all major mining dominated by people overseas who will particularly disadvantage the State because we are only a guest in his own State. However, when considering the problem of negative impacts of illegal mining activities, viewed from any aspect of this activity can not be justified. From a legal perspective, for example, already have laws that regulate mining activities and ban the illegal mining activities. According to Law No. 11 year 1967 Article 31, “Punished with imprisonment for six-year-old and / or a fine of five hundred thousand rupiah, who did not have mining rights to mining operations.” This can be attributed to the obligation of every society to be obedient and submissive to his government, because doing illegal activities mean sodium absorption ratio is subject to regulations made by the government. These obligations are taught by all religions, including Islam religion.
From the above description, we can conclude that many parties are harmed by the illegal mining activities. Government party injured by the lack of cash income for the State of the perpetrators of illegal mining. The worst impact was felt by people living around the site illegal mining. Not only their corrupt nature, but they also feel the waste and debris that threaten health and even their lives. Therefore, it should be an action that can stop all forms of illegal mining. To be able to stop the illegal mining activities, have made a strict rule. For the smooth implementation of this rule is needed cooperation from the District Head, Head Village and related apparatus for supervising, smooth operation of mining protection against mining activity that has permission from the appropriate authority as Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources, Governors, or other officials designated by delegation of authority according to their respective authority.
Indonesian mining already showing progress. Indonesia is known as tin and nickel producer in the world. Indonesia is also rich in coal, petroleum, copper, gold and other mining materials which would be extremely useful when used properly. Therefore, let us together government utilize and manage what God has bestowed us with a thoughtful nature. Do not just be selfish and explore their own natural resources without any wisdom at all. If we and the government has been able to properly manage natural resources, it is not impossible that all this prosperity we desire will materialize. Remember, Indonesia is a country with rich natural resources. All depends on us, the human resources to manage it all with as good and as wise as possible so that natural resources can be enjoyed by all people of Indonesia.